With the continuous development of trade globalization and improvement of China economy, imported foods have become an important food source for Chinese consumers. On 20 July 2018, the General Administration of Customs (hereinafter called Customs) issued the quality and safety report of imported food of 2017.
1. Imported Food Trade in 2017
1.1 Imported Food Amount Increased Rapidly
In 2017, a total of 1.429 million batches of imported food were imported into China, the quantity of which reached 53.481 million tons while the amount of money reached 58.28 billion dollars. Compared with the same time last year, they increased by 7.9%, 36.5% and 25.0% respectively. In the past five years, the average annual growth rate of imported food trade was 5.7%. Detailed information is shown in Fig.1.
1.2 Diversified Sources of Imported Food
In 2017, China imported food from 187 countries (regions), among them, the top 10 countries (regions) in trade amount were European Union, America, New Zealand, Indonesia, Canada, Australia, Brazil, Malaysia, Russia and Vietnam, with a total value of 44.03 billion dollars, which accounted for 75.5% of total imported food trade value. Detailed information is shown in Fig.2.
1.3 Diversified Categories of Imported Food
In 2017, the imported food categories almost covered all kind of foods. The top 10 food categories in trade value were meat, grease and oil, dairy products, aquatic and products, grain and products, wine, sugar, beverage, dry nut and pastry biscuit, with a total trade value of 53.91 billion dollars, which accounted for 92.5% of total imported food trade value. Detailed information was shown in Fig.3.
1.4 The Top 10 Import Ports
The top 10 import ports in imported food trade values were Guangdong, Shanghai, Tianjin, Shandong, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Zhejiang, Fujian, Beijing and Guangxi, with a total value of 55.55 billion dollars, which accounted for 95.3% of total imported food trade value. Detailed information is shown in Fig. 4.
In 2017, the imported amount of milk powder (including whey powder) was 1.324 million tons, which accounted for 22.7% of domestic dairy products supply. The imported trade amount of infant formula milk powder is increasing rapidly, and its imported amount reached 291 thousand tons, up 31.7% from the last year. More detailed information is shown in Fig. 5 and 6.
In addition, the imported amount of vegetable oil, meat and aquatic reached 9.419 million tons, 4.274 million tons and 4.089 million tons respectively. More detailed information is shown in following figures (Fig. 7 – 9).
2. Imported Food Quality and Safety in 2017
In 2017, 6631 batches (49,000 tons, 69.537 million dollars) of imported food from 94 countries (regions) were rejected for entering China. Among them, the main food categories were beverage, pastry biscuit, sugar, grain and products, wine, meat, aquatic and products, dairy products, tea leaves and special food; the unqualified reasons included unqualified quality, in-compliant certificate, in-compliant label, over-dosage of food additives and microbial contamination, etc. More detailed information is shown in following figures (Fig. 10 - 12).
Adequate preparation before importing can effectively help enterprises reduce the in-compliant risks when importing. For example, it can guarantee product quality compliance by conducting pre-test according to requirements of Chinese regulations; it can avoid importing food with over-dosage food additives by conducing compliance analysis of product formulations in advance; it can guarantee label compliance by designing compliant Chinese label and deleting risk claims according to Chinese food labeling regulations.
In order to guarantee the safety of imported food, the Customs has established strict supervision system covered all steps of “before import, during import, after import”. Therefore, CIRS advises enterprises to pay attention to the imported food regulations in China, and make sure the quality, labels and package of your products can meet relevant requirements.
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